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CO-SKILLS PROGRAMS (version 5.2)

Visual Sustained Attention Auditory Sustained Attention Divided Attention Visual Memory Figural Memory
Pattern Memory Visual Verbal Memory Letters-Syllables-Words Reading-Decoding Pictograms
Spelling Anagrams Classification Series Completion Analogies
Visual Tracking Hand-Eye Coordination Perceptual Speed Field Independence Shape Recognition
Puzzles Spatial Orientation Labyrinths Spatial Relations Spatial Visualisation
Visual Perspective Arithmetic Strategies    


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Puzzles, visuo spatial ability
Cognitive training

Cognitive training of completing a jigsaw puzzle calls upon several visuo-spatial skills: some of these are simple, while others require more advanced information processing. Being able to reconstruct or assemble a two-dimensional image using a model requires good perceptual abilities, as well as detail discrimination and visual attention skills. Higher cognitive processing requires a fine analysis of spatial relations between the various components, conceptualisation, an ability to mentally rotate pieces, as well as self-correcting abilities. These skills are required in many daily and scholastic activities.

Target Clientele

Children and adults (6 years and older) who:

NOTE: May be used by anyone as a simple cognitive training activity.

Target Skills

Mode: Visual
Principal skill(s) targeted: Visuo-spatial

Exercises

    Levels
Stimuli Classes: 1. With Model 20
  2. Without Model 20
  3. Identification 20

Scenario and task: The Puzzle program proposes several assembly exercises. These exercises may be carried out with or without a model.

Class 1: With Model. The screen is divided into three parts. In the left-hand side, the image to be recreated is presented (the model). To the right, an empty rectangle represents the puzzle to be completed. At the very bottom of the screen are pieces of the puzzle.

Class 2: Without Model. This exercise is identical to class 1, but there is no model available to the client, thus increasing the level of difficulty and calling more upon one’s mental conceptualisation skills.

NOTES regarding CLASSES 1 – 2: In both of these exercises, in order to move a piece to a place in the puzzle, the client must click on the piece at the bottom of the screen. The piece may be moved while continuing to press on the left button of the mouse until it is situated in the desired place in the puzzle. If the piece is not placed in the right spot, it will flash. The client may make three consecutive tries to place the same piece. Afterwards, the piece is automatically moved to the bottom of the screen. The client must try a new piece before trying again to place the former piece. In certain higher levels, the missing pieces at the bottom of the screen may be rotated, but when placed correctly, they will be automatically rotated into the correct position. Moreover, a clue is proposed (that is a piece may be added to the puzzle) when there is no movement within an interval of two minutes (a maximum of two clues per puzzle). This option is only available from level 10 on (twelve pieces or more) and can be accepted or rejected by the client. To complete a puzzle, the client must complete it is a given minimal number of tries, otherwise the mentor will invite him/her to try a new puzzle.

Class 3: Identification. This exercise is somewhat different in that the puzzle pieces appear mixed up on the screen. The client must mentally recreate the puzzle’s image and guess what it represents. He/she must select an answer from a choice of four presented at the bottom of the screen. The client must click on the correct answer using the mouse or the arrow keys (and Return).

Response mode(s): See Notes regarding Classes 1 – 2. For class 3, click on the mouse or use arrow keys and the space bar to select.

Feedback:

Well Done! Correct response
Oops… You made more tries than allowed, try again with a new puzzle. Errors made while completing the puzzle

Difficulty Level Variables

Level Completion Criterion: 3 consecutive successfully completed puzzles (no errors)

* Note: the client automatically changes class after three consecutive errors.

The exam

The exam is comprised of 20 items representative of the exercises from all 20 difficulty levels of the With Models class.

Background

Instructions

Class 1. With model :

« Piece together the model presented. Use the mouse to move the pieces to the correct places. »

Class 2. Without model :

« Here is a puzzle. Use the mouse to move the pieces to the correct places. »

Class 3. Identification :

« Pieces of an image will be presented. Identify this image from among the choice presented. »